The Importance of Shooting Hearing Protection and Choosing the Right Gear

Shooting sports and activities, whether for recreational or professional purposes, can be thrilling and enjoyable. However, they also come with inherent risks, and one of the most significant is the impact of gunshot noise on hearing. Exposure to the loud sounds generated by firearms can lead to hearing damage or loss if proper shooting ear defenders not utilized. This article will explore the importance of shooting hearing protection, the types of hearing protection available, and how to choose the right gear for your specific needs.

The Dangers of Gunshot Noise

Gunshot noise is classified as impulse noise, which is characterized by sudden, high-intensity sound bursts. A single gunshot can generate noise levels of 140-190 decibels (dB), depending on the type of firearm and ammunition used. Prolonged exposure to noise levels above 85 dB can cause permanent hearing damage. In the case of firearms, even a single exposure without adequate protection can result in immediate and irreversible hearing loss.

Law Enforcement and Military

These shooters use firearms as part of their professional duties, either for law enforcement or military purposes. They undergo specialized training and may engage in various shooting scenarios, including tactical operations, crowd control, or combat.

Hunters and Game Shooters

Hunters engage in shooting for the purpose of hunting game animals, either for sport or sustenance. Hunting can involve various types of firearms or archery equipment and may require different skills depending on the game species and the environment.

Competitive Shooters

Competitive shooters take part in organized shooting events or competitions, which can involve various disciplines. Some popular shooting sports include: Skeet Shooting, Trap Shooting, Sporting Clays, Precision Rifle Shooting, 3-Gun Shooting, Practical Shooting (IPSC/USPSA), Olympic Shooting Events.

Recreational Shooters

These shooters participate in shooting activities for fun, leisure, or as a hobby. Examples of recreational shooting activities include: Plinking (informal target shooting), Clay pigeon shooting & Target shooting.

Types of Shooting Hearing Protection

There are three main categories of shooting hearing protection: passive, electronic and in-ear. Each type can effectively protect your hearing, but they have unique features and benefits.

SORDIN EXC headband black


This type of hearing protection relies on materials and design to physically block or reduce sound waves from entering the ear. Common passive hearing protection devices include:

  • Earmuffs: Worn over the ears, these devices have cushioned cups and a headband to create a seal that blocks noise.

Passive hearing protection refers to devices that protect your ears from harmful noise levels without the use of electronic components or active noise reduction (ANR) technology. These devices simply rely on physical barriers and materials to reduce noise exposure. When choosing passive hearing protection, consider factors such as comfort, noise reduction rating, ease of use, and the specific environment in which they will be used. It’s essential to select a device that provides adequate protection for your needs and meets necessary safety standards.


These devices use electronics to amplify safe sounds while suppressing harmful noise levels. They are typically powered by batteries and come in several forms, including:

  • Electronic earmuffs: Similar to passive earmuffs, these devices contain microphones and speakers that amplify safe sounds while limiting harmful noise levels.
  • Electronic earplugs: These in-ear devices function similarly to electronic earmuffs, but are more compact and discreet.

Electronic earmuffs are designed with built-in microphones and speakers that amplify low-level sounds while attenuating loud noises. This allows users to communicate and hear important sounds without taking off the earmuffs. Some electronic earmuffs also have additional features such as Bluetooth connectivity and radio.


In-ear hearing protection/headsets are inserted into the ear canal to reduce the volume of sound and protect the ears from noise-induced hearing loss, including:

  • Foam earplugs: These are disposable, inexpensive, and made from soft memory foam that conforms to the shape of your ear canal.
  • Reusable earplugs: Made from silicone or rubber
  • Molded earplugs: These are custom-made earplugs that are molded to fit the individual’s ear canal.
  • Flanged earplugs: These earplugs have multiple flanges that create a seal in the ear canal.
  • High-fidelity earplugs: These earplugs are designed for musicians, concert-goers, and people who work in loud environments where sound quality is important.
  • Electronic earplugs: These advanced earplugs use digital technology to actively reduce noise levels while enhancing speech and other important sounds.

Choosing the right hearing protection

When selecting shooting hearing protection, consider the following factors:

a. Noise Reduction Rating (NRR): This rating indicates the level of noise reduction provided by a device. A higher NRR offers better protection.

b. Comfort: Wearing uncomfortable hearing protection can be distracting and may lead to improper use, reducing its effectiveness. Choose a device that fits well and feels comfortable for extended periods.

c. Communication: Electronic hearing protection can enhance your ability to communicate with others while still protecting your hearing.

d. Cost: While some options may be more expensive than others, investing in high-quality hearing protection can save you from potential hearing loss and related expenses.


Electronic hearing protection devices protect your ears from loud and harmful noises while allowing you to hear important sounds, such as speech and ambient noise.


Passive hearing protection devices are designed to block out or reduce loud and potentially harmful noises without any electronic components.


In-ear hearing protection devices are designed to be inserted into the ear canal to protect your hearing by reducing the intensity of sound waves entering your ears.

Custom Fit

Custom fit hearing protection refers to devices that are specifically tailored to an individual’s ears, providing a personalized and secure fit.

SNR (Signal-to-Noise Ratio) Explained

SNR (Signal-to-Noise Ratio) in hearing protection refers to a measure of how effectively a hearing protection device (HPD), such as earplugs or earmuffs, reduces the noise level reaching the wearer’s ears. The SNR rating of a hearing protection device indicates the difference in decibels (dB) between the ambient noise level and the noise level experienced by the wearer.

The SNR value provides a simplified way to compare the effectiveness of different hearing protection devices. A higher SNR rating indicates better noise reduction performance. It is important to note that the SNR value does not provide the exact amount of noise reduction for a specific frequency but rather an average value across the entire frequency range.

To select the appropriate hearing protection, consider the following steps:

  1. Determine the noise level of the environment, measured in decibels (dB).
  2. Select a hearing protection device with an SNR rating that, when subtracted from the ambient noise level, will bring the noise exposure to a safe level, generally below 85 dB for an 8-hour work shift.

For example, if the noise level in a work environment is 100 dB, and the desired noise exposure is 85 dB or less, a hearing protection device with an SNR rating of at least 15 dB would be required:

100 dB (ambient noise) – 15 dB (SNR rating) = 85 dB (noise exposure).

It is important to remember that hearing protection devices should be comfortable and well-fitted for the user, as improper fit can compromise the effectiveness of the protection. In addition, it is crucial to use hearing protection consistently in high-noise environments to prevent noise-induced hearing loss.

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We stock world leading hearing protection products, suited to a wide range of industries and environments, available in a wide range of colours and styles.

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Founded in April 2000, Talking Headsets Ltd is a family run business based on the south coast of the United Kingdom.

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